How-To Guide for Sketching
Drawing and Shading with Graphite
How to draw a sketch
is the exact step-by-step process used to create a highly detailed pencil
sketch, as is found on this website. You can see each phase of
drawing, from the beginning to the finishing touches.
K. Paris, explains how to draw a sketch using these techniques to create
all our wonderfully exquisite drawings of The Beatles.
Pick a subject with which you are very familiar,
like a family member or a friend, a nude, or a celebrity and
envision this person clearly in your mind, or just take your
own photo, or license one, and work from that.
Get comfortable with the image of the subject,
focusing on all aspects of the facial features, depths, shading
Choose a good set of sketching materials, like
a good Rexel Derwent Pencil Set and some good sketching board,
like Strathmore Bristol acid-free sketching smooth surface board.
Affix your sketching board to the work surface
using Scotch 3m Brand #230 Drafting Tape, or equivalent, by
taping all four corners down. This tape will not damage
either the Sketching board surface or the work surface, and
can be removed without residue. This tape is less sticky
than normal masking tape.
Choose a comfortable place to draw so that your
arm, wrist and hand will not tie easily. Using a drafting
table or a table top tilted to a 45-degreea angle is preferable.
Make sure that you have proper lighting so that
you can see your work clearly. Poor light will produce
poor results in the shading technique, so good natural light
for the daytime and artificial light for the night hours is
imperative. The best artificial light source I have found
is the GE Reveal Light at 60 watts.
Draw an outline of the subject you wish to sketch,
focusing on the outline of the hair, hairline, eyes, nose, chin
and shape of head and ears, without honing in on any detail.
The key is to get a good layout from which to proceed, so you
have good guidelines from which to work and to map out the picture.
Work in sections, the furthest opposite area
of the page from your drawing hand. In other words, if
you are a lefty, then start drawing on the upper-right side,
working your way down the right side, and work in towards the
left. The idea is not to rest your hand on areas where
you have already drawn, in order to prevent unwanted smudging.
Also, it is imperative that you keep your hands clean at all
Should you need to erase anything, use a clean
eraser and rub lightly so as not to tear the work surface, and
use a good brush to dust off eraser particles as they accumulate.
Always keep your work surface very clean. Failure to do
so will result in an undesired effect and will be extremely
difficult to later correct.
When you are ready to begin the "filling
in" stage, start with the hair, working the shading from
lighter to darker, making texture. Shading tools and techniques
will be next!
have a look at a partially completed
sketch of George Harrison